As we can see in the maps below, the most heavily policed stations do not lie in every poor or Black or Latino community, but in those where multiple factors overlap. The Bronx in particular has high poverty rates, is heavily Black and Latino and has the largest concentration of heavily policed stations. Brooklyn’s poor communities of color are also heavily impacted by fare evasion policing. In particular the Black communities of Crown Heights, East New York and Bedford-Stuyvesant as well as the Latino neighborhood of Bushwick.

The correlation between the arrest rate at a subway station and the demographics of its surrounding neighborhood is statistically significant for the Latino, poor Black,and poor Latino rates. Each percentage point increase in poor Black or poor Latino rates corresponds with an 8.69% or 8.23% increase in arrest rates from the mean. Each percentage point increase in Latino rate corresponds to a 1.3% decrease in the same value.